Politically, Plato’s communism is for the purity of ruling classes to competently maintain the well-ordered class rule whereas Marxian communism for the establishment of the dictatorship of proletariat through sustained class struggle and eventually for a classless, stateless society. Let us conclude this discussion before going into their merits and demerits with a long quotation from the Republic (book V): “As soon as children are born, they will be taken by officers appointed for the purpose, who may be men or women or both, because offices are to be shared by both the sexes. The moral values are created and perpetuated in the class interest of the ruling classes. Thus, Plato’s communism of wives provided social, political and psychological bases for the ideal state. 4.Plato is a moralist rather than a political idealist. The private ownership of property by ruling classes is to be replaced by their collective ownership of property and collective domination over the producing masses under the direction of philosopher king with the coercive apparatus of the armed auxiliaries. Plato strongly believed that an economic division between the citizens of a state is the most dangerous political condition. The vast producing masses are kept out of the realm of communism that applies to only ruling classes – the philosophers and the warriors. Plato’s communism is of two forms, viz., the abolition of private property, which included house, land, money, etc., and the second, the abolition of family, through the abolition of these two, Plato attempted to create a new social order wherein the ruling class surrendered both family and private property and embraced a system of communism. The original lecture was delivered in Hindi and the event was organized by Punashcha, the Indian People’s Theater Association (IPTA) and Koshish. An oligarchical state to a Greek meant a state governed by, and in the interest of the well-born whose possession of property was hereditary, while a democratic state was governed by and for the many who had neither hereditary birth nor property. Plato’s theory of Communism Plato’s theory of communism is based on his belief of corrupting influences of family and property over people holding the public offices. Top Stories Recommended Articles Most Popular. 3.Plato’s system of communism of women and temporary marriage is detestable and unethical. The paring is done at festive occasions with all the enthusing activities of poetry and songs (befitting the occasion) and of course prayers and sacrifices. The nomenclature, ‘communism of wives’ does not suite the content that is not about arrangement of ‘wives’ among the ‘husbands’ but abolition of the institution of family itself for the Guardians. Fascists took inspiration from sources as ancient as the Spartans for their focus on racial purity and their emphasis on rule by an elite minority. their surroundings and conditions. Plato introduces a new social order in which the ailing class in his Ideal State surrenders both its family and property rights for the sake of unity and inte… Appetite would blunt their reason or spirit and disturb the balanced equilibrium of the relationship between individual and the collectivity that would be detrimental to justice. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Plato or Aristotle were nighter socialist, communist nor capitalist this as such concepts did not exist materially until 2000years later. Hence he finds the discipline of communism essential for proper just conduct of rulers. “…if the difference consists only in women bearing and men begetting children, this does not amount to a proof that a woman differs from men in respect of the sort of education she should receive; and we shall therefore continue to maintain that our guardians [and] their wives ought to have the same pursuits.” [Ebenstein] In the book V of Republic, Socrates first convincingly proves the equality of women with men after considering all the possible objections and arguments and arrives at the conclusion of the need of abolition of family.
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